Introducere în conservarea și restaurarea chihlimbarului.

Cercetări Arheologice 14-15, 2008, 467-477

Introducere în conservarea și restaurarea chihlimbarului.

Introduction in Amber Conservation and Restoration

Authors: Eugen S. Teodor Monica Macovei


chihlimbar, conservare, polaroid, factori de îmbătrânire

Amber; conservation; polaroid; ageing factors


The subject is not new in the international literature, so it shouldn’t need an “introduction”. For the Romanian conservators the subject is not new, by itself, but special studies in the field have not been done. The paper aims only to make the first step forward. Doubtfully interesting abroad, it is rendered in Romanian, to be sure that at least some basics are accessible for museum’s staffs. The opportunity to make some homework, as well as some experiments, was given by the Romanit research project, leaded by the National Museum. The project is meant to establish the origin of the amber found in archaeological contexts from Romania, analyses being performed by some important laboratories from Bucharest. Troubles have been encountered in the process of tacking samples for laboratories, some beads with very poor conservation being brittle and broken apart, unless good care and good tools were present. Both consolidation and restoration were tried, using Paraloid B72, the paper being, first of all, a report on these operations. Some short conclusions have to be emphasized here: the conservation applied in museums, if any, resumes at filling the cracks with a resin, but there is no record of the kind of the resin, being difficult to correct FT-IR distortions; the storage rooms (frequently the exhibition itself) are kept dry, but this is a direct aggression on amber; the exhibitions have continuous light, that is also not for the best; the salted atmosphere is another danger, as proved by comparison made for conservation status for amber artefacts with provenance from seashore museums and all the others.

Download: PDF

How to cite: Eugen S. Teodor, Monica Macovei, Introducere în conservarea și restaurarea chihlimbarului., Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 14-15, pag. 467-477, 2008, doi:


  1. C.W. Beck, E. Wilbur, S. Meret, Infra-red spectra and the origin of amber, Nature 201, 256–257.
  2. Aleksandar Pa.lavestra, Praistorijski Ćilibar na centralom i zapadnom Balkanu,  Beograd 1993.
  3. Aleksandar Palavestra, V. Krstić, The Magic of Amber.(Archaeological Monographies , 18.) National Museum, Belgrade.
  5. Yvonne Shashoua, „Degradation and inhibitive conservation of Baltic amber in museum collections”, Department of Conservation. The National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen 2002.
  6. Yvonne Shashoua, „Conservation of archaeological amber from the collections of the National Museum in Belgrade”, Copenhagen 2002.

Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License