Un ac de bronz cu cap globular din Transilvania

Cercetări Arheologice 12, 2003, 407-412

Un ac de bronz cu cap globular din Transilvania

Authors: Elvira Ciocea Safta

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The subject of this article is a bronze pin with globular head, which is part of the collections of the National Museum of History of Romania (inv. no. 39298). The piece was discovered in Transylvania, in unknown conditions and than was transferred from the Brukenthal History Museum (Sibiu). The pin is characterized by the flat ending of the globular head, as well as by its grooved decoration on its entire body. Taking into account the fact that the discovery conditions remained unknown, the approach was made on analogies. A fine dating of the piece is difficult to be made, but we suggest a period between the Late Bronze Age and the Early Hallstatt. The finding place of this item represents the southeastern limit of this type. In order to make analogies we used some important elements such as the shape of the head — globular with a flat top — and the incised decorations on the entire surface. The most similar piece, by the taking into accounts the morphological criteria and the geographical one – is a pin discovered in Western Transylvania. A further example in series of analogies is a finding from Feudvar (Voivodina), horizon II (Br D-Ha A1). Analogies for this pin are to be made in different typological groups and they are not a part of a homogenous one. These kind of pieces were included in series with different shapes, such as the one with the globular head, or egg-shaped, biconical with angular profile in the middle, more or less flattened; sometimes represent an exception to typological group associated. By his morphology and decorations this pin discovered in Transylvania might be associated with some European typological groups, such as: – the pins with „poppy shaped” heads, with variants globular-flattened, with grooves decoration, from Western and Central Europe (Br. D-Ha B) – the pins with profiled head from Poland, Deszcnzno variant (BrD-HaA) – the typological group Uberach (the so-called „Nadeln der Form Uberach”) from Central Germany, with a variant which of the pin having an outlined head in shape of a quadrangle rounded edges, decorated with grooves (Urnenfelderzeit, early phase). – the category of pins with seal shaped head – type Cisano (the horizon Peschiera) – the series of pins with biconical head, with decorations made of deep grooves, found in Slovacia, with the variant of the pin with globular shape head, more or less flattened, with flat top, uniform decorated with grooves (Urnenfelderzeit, the middle and final phase). These typological groups are covering the period from end of the Bronze Age and the begging of the Iron Age. In Europe, during the period of Urnenfelderzeit— with a special regard for the large group of the pins with globular head is diversified in a large number of morphological variants and is defined by preference for decoration with relieves or incisions on all surface of the pins’ heads. The presence of this piece — with morphological and decoration particularities — in so many various typological groups is a very good example of this situation. The same particularities of the morphology and decoration indicate a general trend regarding the unification of the technological procedures and decoration in the metallurgy of the Urnenfelderzeit type cultures.

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How to cite: Elvira Ciocea Safta, Un ac de bronz cu cap globular din Transilvania, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 12, pag. 407-412, 2003, doi: https://doi.org/10.46535/ca.12.26

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