Consideraţii asupra unor podoabe antice de aur de la Lungoci, Balaci şi Moigrad

Cercetări Arheologice 09, 1992, 114-117

Consideraţii asupra unor podoabe antice de aur de la Lungoci, Balaci şi Moigrad

Authors: Doina Leahu

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The paper argues in favour of the need of a new chronology for several gold adornments, all of them being part of some fortuitous discoveries on the territory of Romania. The pieces are : one bracelet and 44 little rings found at Lungoci-Fundeni (Galaţi county) dating from the middle period of the Bronze Age; a half-moon shaped pectoral pendant, a bracelet and a simple common wire found at Balaci (Teleorman county) attributed to the Huns, dated to the 1st half of the 5th century A. D. Furthermore, there are 3 bracelets from the treasure found at Moigrad (SilaJ county) also dating from the 5th century A . D.
The arguments to support another chronology are: the presence in all the three groups of objects — as a common element — of the bracelet made, as a solid ingot with a round section and thickened ends; the existence of some certain analogies for some of the adornments; the spread use in time, of a certain adornment type; wherever it was possible the cultural-archaeological context.
Except for the simple wire, the objects from Balaci and Lungoci have definite analogies in the Eneolithic necropolis of Kodjadermen-Gumelnita-Karanovo VI type of Varna (Bulgaria) certainly dating from the end of the 4th millennium B. C. Consequently, the obviously similar pieces are : the half-moon shaped pectoral pendant from Balaci with the 4 pectoral ones from the tomb no. 1 of Varna; the 44 little rings from Lungoci with some of the little gold rings found in the tombs no. 36 and 43 of Varna; and, finally, the even bracelets of solid ingot with a round section from Balaci and Lungoci with the piece discovered in the tomb no. 4 of the necropolis In Bulgaria. As far as the objects from Balaci are concerned it should be mentioned that they were found at the far side of an Eneolithic settlement belonging to the Gumelniţa culture. On the basis of all these data the discoveries from Balaci and Lungoci have to be dated without any doubt in the Eneolithic towards the end of the 4th; millennium B. C.
As regards the gold pieces from Moigrad Kurt Horedt’s opinion has been accepted. According to it the two twisted bracelets ere Eneolithic based on the fact that the twist is still present in the Bodrogkeresztur culture and such bracelets are not to be encountered in the 5th century A. D. The even bracelet having the shape of an ingot with round section and thickened ends is placed in-between the Lungoci —Balaci type and the bracelet type with thickened ends of the 4th—6th centuries A.D. Anyhow, Kurt Horedt’s opinion is to be considered because based on the analogy of the pieces from Lungoci and Varna he also considered this object as dating from Eneolithic. It should be pointed out that this type of bracelet could be subjected to further research.

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How to cite: Doina Leahu, Consideraţii asupra unor podoabe antice de aur de la Lungoci, Balaci şi Moigrad, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 09, pag. 114-117, 1992, doi:

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