Exploatarea resurselor acvatice la comunitățile preistorice din tell-ul de la Hârșova (mileniul V BC)

Cercetări Arheologice 27, 2020, 289-304
https://doi.org/10.46535/ca.27.12



Exploatarea resurselor acvatice la comunitățile preistorice din tell-ul de la Hârșova (mileniul V BC)


Authors: Valentin Radu

Keywords: Hârșova, Boian culture, Gumelnița culture, bivalve, fish

Abstract:

In this study we present the main results of the faunal remains from the Boian and Gumelnița cultural levels at Hârșova tell, especially those related to the exploitation of aquatic resources (molluscs and fish). The data provided by the faunal remains contributed to complex studies, the comparisons between the occupation levels and in what the environment is concerned, the observance of major changes during the successive occupations such as the case of Hârșova tell, a multi-layered settlements. The harvesting of molluscs for food was based on the freshwater bivalves Unio and Anodonta. Fishing is highlighted by the presence of at least 21 species, most of them freshwater fish.
The importance of fish in alimentation increases during the Gumelnița period together with the intensive exploitation of all animal food resources from the environment.
Regarding the environment, we noticed a change in the list of the main species of fish (increase of the cyprinids and pike during the Gumelnița) and a decreasing of the Unio crassus bivalve frequency (reophilic species) as a result of hydro and geomorphological changes.

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How to cite: Valentin Radu, Exploatarea resurselor acvatice la comunitățile preistorice din tell-ul de la Hârșova (mileniul V BC), Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 27, pag. 289-304, 2020, doi: https://doi.org/10.46535/ca.27.12


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