„Atelierul” de procesare a minereului aurifer și necropola romană de incinerație de la Jig-Piciorag, Roșia Montană

Cercetări Arheologice 14-15, 2008, 123-165
https://doi.org/10.46535/ca.15.05



„Atelierul” de procesare a minereului aurifer și necropola romană de incinerație de la Jig-Piciorag, Roșia Montană


Authors: Mihaela Simion, Ionuț Bocan, Decebal Vleja, Emil Dumitrașcu

Keywords: Roşia Montană [Alburnus Maior]; ancient mining site (Roman period); exploitation of mineral resources; primary processing; funerary space

Abstract:

The five necropolises and two funerary areas investigated up to now at Roşia Montană have a particular feature due to the economic context in which are involved the ancient communities attested — from an archaeological perspective — in here during the Roman period, namely an environment linked to the exploitation of the gold and silver deposits existing in the region. It is obvious that certain aspects regarding the funerary rite and ritual of these communities are influenced both by an ethnical and cultural conditioning, as well as by the economic one, induced by the special character of the site. An elementary mapping of all these funerary esembles indicated very clearly the fact that all the investigated necropolises are located in close proximity of the exploitation areas of the auriferous deposit. From this point of view, a special attention is drawn by the archaeological context documented on the Jig-Piciorag site, where was visible a succesion of usage phases, namely exploitation of mineral resources ? – primary processing – arrangement and use as a funerary space. The article presents the results of the researches from the 2003 campaign, when a team from the National History Museum of Romania investigated a structure having a functionality linked to the exploitation and primary processing of the auriferous ore durig the Roman period. The structure consists of a constructive arrangement, a system of channels, a centraly located hearth and a basin. After the abandonment of these phase, the perimeter was used as a burial site, being in close relation with the Roman cremation necropolis located nearby.

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How to cite: Mihaela Simion, Ionuț Bocan, Decebal Vleja, Emil Dumitrașcu, „Atelierul” de procesare a minereului aurifer și necropola romană de incinerație de la Jig-Piciorag, Roșia Montană, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 14-15, pag. 123-165, 2008, doi: https://doi.org/10.46535/ca.15.05


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