Considerații asupra decorului statuetelor antropomorfe gumelnițene

Cercetări Arheologice 13, 2006, 159-171
https://doi.org/10.46535/ca13.06



Considerații asupra decorului statuetelor antropomorfe gumelnițene


Authors: Radian Andreescu

Keywords: Decoration; decoration motifs; identity; community

Abstract:

The article gives an analysis of the decoration found on the anthropomorphic clay statuettes belonging to Gumelnita culture. The main decoration technique was the incision. Without doubt there were some patterns according to which statuettes were decorated. The analysis proved the existence of two main decoration types placed on the statuettes torso. The first has as main elements “face to face” bands (fig. 1, 2). The second is composed of geometrical elements, triangles and rhombs, framed by oblique incisions. Other decoration motifs are incised bands placed on the statuettes neck and “face to face” bands on the legs. Their fragmentary state makes difficult a real and entire reconstruction of the decoration on the statuettes belonging to Gumelnita culture. The incised decoration was interpreted as clothes or tattoos. The analysis of the statuettes distribution showed that they are more numerous in Western Walachia. The decoration can be interpreted as a way of identification for the communities, considering that the second type of decoration is more often found in Western Walachia. Following the same idea the decoration can identify certain persons among a community. Further researches in a region with more Gumelnita sites could bring precious information by comparative analysis of decoration motifs on the statuettes belonging to Gumelnita culture.

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How to cite: Radian Andreescu, Considerații asupra decorului statuetelor antropomorfe gumelnițene, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 13, pag. 159-171, 2006, doi: https://doi.org/10.46535/ca13.06


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