Cultura Gumelnița în vestul Munteniei. Așezarea de la Vitănești, jud. Teleorman

Cercetări Arheologice 12, 2003, 71-88

Cultura Gumelnița în vestul Munteniei. Așezarea de la Vitănești, jud. Teleorman

Authors: Radian Romus Andreescu, Pavel Mirea, Ștefan Apope

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The settlements of the Gumelniţa culture in eastern Wallachia, in the area of the rivers Vedea and Teleorman, were little known. The researches of the last decade have shown that this area was intensely inhabited during this culture (fifth millennium BC), proved by the high number of tell-settlements, almost forty, discovered here. These tell-settlements are generally situated in the river floodplains close to the terrace basement, on extensions of the terraces into the floodplains, and seldom on terraces. Their location is generally hardly visible, maybe for reasons of security, being usually located in places protected by terraces. The dimensions of the tell-settlement are various, from 20-30 meters in diameter and 1-3 meters high, to 100 meters in diameter and 10 meters high. For a better knowledge of the specificity of the Gumelniţa culture in this area, the researches took place especially around the village of Vităneşti, Teleorman County. The tell named “Măgurice” has an oval form with the diameters 40X45 m and a maximum height of 6.5 m. The archaeological research and the sedimentary sondages revealed the hypothesis that the settlement was inhabited in two phases. The first one may have been abandoned because of an unpredictable natural environment, because of the activity (floods) of the river Teleorman. In the second half of the fifth millennium, in a more stable environment, the “Măgurice” is inhabited again, for a longer period of time proved by the 4 meter thick cultural layer. The dynamics of the inhabitation of Vităneşti is complex, as three sites of the Gumelniţa culture, named Vităneşti II, III, IV, were discovered around the tell, one of them placed just by the “Măgurice”. The research carried out in the settlement aim to the unearthing of the first inhabitation, Gumelniţa B1, and the digging of a surface of stratigraphic control to facilitate the discovery of the cultural development of the settlement. As with most tell-settlements, there are many and various discoveries, as proved by the immense amount of ceramics and the hundreds of tools made of bone, horn, flint, copper, or the anthropomorphic or zoomorphic objects discovered in the settlement.

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How to cite: Radian Romus Andreescu, Pavel Mirea, Ștefan Apope, Cultura Gumelnița în vestul Munteniei. Așezarea de la Vitănești, jud. Teleorman, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 12, pag. 71-88, 2003, doi:

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