Caracterizarea tehnologiei de pastă a ceramicii Starcevo-Criş de la Şimnic

Cercetări Arheologice 11, 2000, 599-608

Caracterizarea tehnologiei de pastă a ceramicii Starcevo-Criş de la Şimnic

Authors: Gheorghe Gâţă, Doina Galbenul

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On order to investigate the technology, Starcevo-Criş pottery discovered at Şimnic was distributed in seven types according to its ornamentation and processing of the vessel faces. The sources of ceramic paste were local lithological materials with a texture from sandy loam to clay loam. The potters of the early neolithic at Şimnic brought the paste technology from other Starcevo-Criş settlement with sources more clayey and adapted it to the local sources. During the early neolithic time there was a preference to use more and more a paste more sandy, especially in the last part of Starcevo-Criş culture at Şimnic. The vessel porosity present a large variation for the same ceramic type and this proves an empirical plant addition made according to the experience of each neolithic potter with large differences from one to another and from a generation to another. The large variation in porosity represents therefore the atemps, the evolution in paste processing during the time and posiible the incertitude from early neolithic potters at Şimnic. The local sources of the lithologie material situated in the perimeter of the settlement have more large variation limits of the sand content than the ceramic sources for the paste. In the same ceramic type the porosity increase in order bottom or leg-rim-body and proves the unequal manner of the plant material addition to the different part of the vessel. The area position of the each ceramic type in a graph porosity-shard tickness (fig 5-6-7) show the same plant addition to the common pottery (type 1 and 2) and to the polished ceramics with brown to black colour slip (type 5). The ceramics decorated with fingerprints (type 3) have porosity limits displaced to small value due probably to the ornamentation. At the polished pottery with red application (type 4) and specially at painted ceramics the technical solutions taken for the adherence of the colour applications on pottery walls were the selection of one more clayey lithological material if possible without coarse sand. By means of the values of each ceramic type were obtained some statistical correlation between porosity-thickness and porosity index-thickness of the shards. The point distribution in two regions of the graphs show a single paste technology with the plant addition but two paste processing one for the painted ceramics and the another for the rest of Starcevo-Criş pottery at Şimnic.

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How to cite: Gheorghe Gâţă, Doina Galbenul, Caracterizarea tehnologiei de pastă a ceramicii Starcevo-Criş de la Şimnic, Cercetări Arheologice, Vol. 11, pag. 599-608, 2000, doi:

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